Oracle Identity Manager Interview Questions and Answers
Q.What is an Identity?
An identity is the virtual representation of an enterprise resource user including employees, customers, partners and vendors. Identity Management shows the rights and relationships the user has when interacting with a company’s network.
Q.What are the benefits of Identity Management?
Ans: Centralized auditing and reporting
– Know who did what and report on system usage.
Reduce IT operating costs
– Immediate return on investment is realized by eliminating the use of paper forms, phone calls and wait time for new account generation and enabling user self service and password management.
Minimize Security Risk
– Control access to the network and instantaneously update accounts in a complex enterprise environment including: layoffs, acquisitions, partner changes, temporary and contract workers.
Improved quality of IT services
– Many government mandates require secure control of access.
Q.How does Identity Management (IDM) work?
The process involves creating user accounts that are able to be modified, disabled or deleted. Delegated workflows, rules and policies are applied to the users account.
A user profile will tell the company: who they are, what they are entitled to do, when they are allowed to perform specific functions, where they are allowed to perform functions from and why they have been granted permissions.
Q.How are Identity Management Solutions Implemented?
Ans: Step One
: Inventory and assess current investments and processes. Clean and consolidate identity data stores. Create virtual identities for enterprise users.
: Design and deploy identity infrastructure components. Create identity provisioning and deploy password management, user self-service, and regulatory compliance.
: Deliver applications and services. Access management deployed to a clean environment. Leverage federated identity for improving supply chain and employee efficiencies.
Q.Explain the Architecture of Oracle identity Manager?
: The Oracle Identity Manager architecture consists of three tiers
Tier 1: Client:
The Oracle Identity Manager application GUI component reside in this tier. Users log in by using the Oracle Identity Manager client.The Oracle Identity Manager client interacts with the Oracle Identity Manager server, providing it with the user's login credentials.
Tier 2: Application Server:
The second tier implements the business logic, which resides in the Java Data Objects that are managed by the supported J2EE application server (JBoss application server, BEA WebLogic, and IBM WebSphere). The Java Data Objects implement the business logic of the Oracle Identity Manager application, however, they are not exposed to any methods from the outside world. Therefore, to access the business functionality of Oracle Identity Manager, you can use the API layer within the J2EE infrastructure, which provides the lookup and communication mechanism.
Tier 3: Database:
The third tier consists of the database. This is the layer that is responsible for managing the storage of data within Oracle Identity Manager.
Q.What is purpose of Reconciliation Manager?
:You can look here for recon data once reconciliation is complete. You can determine whether event received and linked for not.
Q.What is Application Server and Web server?
A Web server exclusively handles HTTP requests, whereas an application server serves business logic to application programs through any number of protocols.
Webserver mainly handles the Http requests but app server can be used to handle the http, rmi, TCP/IP and many more protocols. Webserver just handles the requests of the webpage – means suppose, a html page(presentation layer) requests a data - here script is written containing the business logic , then it just give the response with the required data from the database. Then the html page with script is used to show the retrieved information. In case of application server, it does the same thing, of getting and gives the response but it can process the requests. i.e. in this case, instead of script know how to fetch the data, the script is simply used to call the applications server's lookup service to retrieve and process the data. i.e here, application server is used for processing/applying logic. The web server can be considered as the subset of app server
The basic difference between a web server and an application server is
WebServer can execute only web applications i.e. servlets and JSPs and has only a single container known as Web container which is used to interpret/execute web applications
Application server can execute Enterprise application, i,e (servlets, jsps, and EJBs) it is having two containers
1. WebContainer (for interpreting/executing servlets and jsps)
Q.What is the purpose of rule designer?
- EJB container (for executing EJBs). It can perform operations like load balancing , transaction demarcation etc
Use this form to create rules that can be applied to password policy selection, automatic group membership, provisioning process selection, task assignment, and prepopulating adapters
Q.What is Adapter? What Adapters available in OIM?
An adapter is a Java class that is created by an Oracle Identity Manager user through the Adapter Factory.
- Process Tasks adapters - automate completion of a process task and are attached to a Process Definition Form ( AD user, OID User, etc)
- Entity Adapter- automatically populates a field on the OIM User form or custom User Form on pre-update, pre-delete, pre-insert, post-insert, post-update, or post-delete
- Pre-Populate Adapter- specific type of rule generator attached to a user-created form field that can automatically generate data to the form but does not save that data to the OIM database but does send that information to appropriate directory user object. The data can come from manual entry on a form or from automated entry from the OIM defined forms.
- Rule Generator- can populate fields automatically on an OIM form or a user-created form and save to the OIM database based on business rules
- Task Assignment Adapter- automates the assignment of a process task to a user or group
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