What is Business Analysis?

Analysis plays a major role for successful running of the business. The result of the analysis lets you know the further steps to be taken for the smooth running of the firm. This analysis is essential for both small as well as large scale firms. Moreover, the steps after the analysis are the deciding factor for the rise (or) fall of the business. So the analysis should be done with at most care for the exponential growth of the business. Moreover, Do you know “what things were necessary during business analysis”? Read the complete article to get the answer

Business analysis is defined as a practice that is responsible for enabling change in an organization. It does so by defining the firm needs and recommending solutions that deliver value to the stakeholders.


Even though the definition is static, the set of techniques and practices may vary from firm to firm. Moreover, in some cases, they may vary from one project to the other with in the organization. In the IT industry, the solutions may include a system development component, which may consist of process improvement (or) the organizational change. It was performed to understand the current state of the organization (or) to serve as a basis for the identification of the business needs. In the majority of the cases, it was done to define and validate the solutions that meet the business needs, goals (or) objectives.

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Why does the organization require business analysis?

Organization requires business analysis for the following reasons:

  1. To understand the organizational structure and dynamics in which a system needs to be deployed.
  2. To understand the issue in the organizations and to identify the improvement potentials
  3. In ensuring that the customer, end-user, as well as the developer, do share the common problem

Business analysis usually involves various phases as below:

In the initial stage of the project, when the requirements were interpreted by the solutions as well as the design teams, the business analyst is responsible to review the solutions documents. Business Analyst work closely with the solution designers as well as the Project Managers to ensure that the requirements are clear. In a large firm, you can find the business analyst as the key person who has a link to both the teams. Besides, he would interact with business users ( technical as well as non-technical) and the stakeholders with the projects to get approval and finally node before proceeding with the project.

Steps in Business Analysis Process:

Business Analysis involves multiple steps. They were as follows:

a)Enterprise Analysis:

This phase area covers the collection of pre-project activities that leads up to the project section guided by the business analyst. These activities have the following advantages. They are:

  1. Helps to maintain the business architecture.
  2. Allows you to prepare the business use case
  3. Preparing for the decision package

b)Requirement planning and management:

In this phase, you are responsible to define the task and resources, that are associates with the planning and management of requirements. This helps you to ensure that set of activities that are undertaken is appropriate according to the specific project. Moreover, this phase is important to capture the changes correctly as well as consistently.

c)Requirement Elicitation:

This phase consists of researching and discovering the system requirements from users, customers, and other stakeholders.

d)Requirements analysis and documentation:

This phase is a collection of activities for expressing the output of the system analysis. Moreover, this phase also requires every requirement that needs to be packaged, evaluated, and approved before the solution is implemented

e)Requirements Communications:

This phase is a collection of activities for expressing the output of the requirement analysis. In this phase, every requirement needs to be packaged, evaluated, and approved before the solution is approved.

f)Solution Evaluation and validation:

This phase should ensure that solution able to meet the stakeholder objectives.

Business analysis techniques:

There are many techniques available in the market to perform business analysis. The most commonly used business analysis techniques are:

MOST – It is the short form for mission, objectives, and strategies.’

PESTLE- It stands for Political, Economic, Sociological, Technological, legal and environmental

SWOT – It is the full form of Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threats.

Moscow- It is the short form of Must (or) Should, Could (or) Would.

CATWOE – It is an acronym for customer, actors, transformation process, World View, Owner and Environmental

The 5Whys- It is the backbone of both six sigma as well as business analysis techniques.

Six Thinking Hats:  This process helps you to consider an alternative perspective and ideas. This technique is further classified as follows:

a)Green (Creative thinking)

b)Blue(Represents the big picture overview)

c)White(logical and data-driven thinking)

d)yellow(Positive thinking, mainly focuses on pros)

e)Red(Emotion-based reactions)

f)Black(Opposite thinking, mainly focuses on cons)

Who is a Business Analyst?

A business analyst is someone who analyzes and organizes the business domain. This includes business documents, processes, systems (or) assessing the business model (or) its integration w.r.t to the technology. The designation might differ from person to person such as analyst, business analyst, system analyst (or) system analyst and also from organization to organizations

What is the role of the business analyst?

The role of the business analysis varies from defining and scoping the business areas of the organizations. The person then extracts, analyze, and document the requirements. communicating these requirements to the appropriate stakeholders, identifying the right solution, and then validating the solution to find if the requirements meet the expected standards. Moreover, in most of the companies these are the major responsibilities of the business analyst. However, these responsibilities vary from company to company depending upon the requirement.

By reaching the end of the article, I hope you people have got enough ideas regarding the business analysis, various techniques, and also the responsibilities of the business analyst in the IT World.  Moreover, you people can practical exposure of these use cases by live industry experts at Business Analysis Online Course. In the upcoming articles of this blog, I'll be sharing the details of various business analysis examples using different business analysis techniques that were in use in the IT industry. Meanwhile, you people can check out our Business analyst interview questions and get placed in your dream firm.



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